Along with changing things up colourwise in the studio, I’ve been looking in the archives for the Individual Project Outlines (IPO) I made while at Massey doing my Masters.

The tool was given to us by the University and is designed to help plan projects. I found it helpful at the time and have often gone back to the format to get a handle on what I want to achieve and how I’m going to do it.

Here’s the outline for you:


S.M.A.R.T goal (specific, measurable, achievable (or attainable), relevant, and time-bound)


Provide a critical reflection on your previous work.

References, influences, readings

Include a briefly annotated list of artists of interest and influential figures, ideas and texts (bibliography) and relevant visual material.


Identify what you intend to learn by undertaking this project.


The how

Challenges I face

What obstacles do you face to complete this project?

A timeline

What’s happening and when

Knowledge I need to develop

What do you need to learn to complete the project?


Solutions to the challenges listed above

See also David Allen’s Natural Planning Model.

While planning models may not sound creative or arty, they help get things done.

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